Prevention

  • Prevention is a main focus of public health professionals; prevention of disease, prevention of harm, prevention of additional issues from a disease, and more! There are three main levels of prevention:
    • Primary Prevention is taking action BEFORE a health problem occurs. Examples are getting a vaccine, wearing a seatbelt, putting your child in a car seat, or changing behaviors like quitting smoking or exercising more.
    • Secondary Prevention includes screening to identify diseases in their early stages, before the onset of signs and symptoms. Examples are getting your blood pressure checked regularly, or getting routine screenings like a mammogram or pap smear.
    • Tertiary Prevention involves managing a disease once diagnosed to slow down or stop the progression of the disease. Examples are continued screening, rehabilitation, or changing diet and exercise once diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
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